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Profile Page

Theodore J. Smayda

Educational Background

Ph.D., Marine Phytoplankton
M.S., Biological Oceanography
B.S., Biology
University of Oslo, Norway
University of Rhode Island
Tufts University

Areas of Specialization


Ted Smayda's research interests focus on phytoplankton ecology, with emphasis on organismal ecophysiology. Current research deals with the dynamics, long-term trends, variations in, and ecosystem regulation of phytoplankton blooms, production, community structure, succession, and their responses to climate change and habitat modification. The ecology of harmful algal blooms is also of special research interest.


Ted Smayda is a guest lecturer on harmful algal bloom ecology in an international training course, and is currently organizing a related international course.


David Borkman


Borkman, DG, and Smayda, T 2009 Multidecadal (1959-1997) changes in Skeletonema abundance and seasonal bloom patterns in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, USA. Journal of Sea Research 61: 84-94.

Smayda, T.J. and C.S. Reynolds. Evolution of growth and survival strategies of dinoflagellates: Application to harmful blooms. [in review].

Smayda, T.J. and C.S. Reynolds. Community assembly in marine phytoplankton: Application of recent models to harmful dinoflagellate blooms. [in review].

Smayda, T.J., D.G. Borkman and A.G. Belgrano. Ecological Effects of Climate Variation in the North Atlantic: Phytoplankton. In: N.C. Stenseth, G. Ottersen, J. Hurrell and A. Belgrano [eds.] Ecological Effects of Climatic Variations in the North Atlantic. Oxford Univ. Press. [in press].

Smayda, T.J. Ecological features of harmful algal blooms in coastal upwelling ecosystems. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 22 [in press].

Li, Y. and T.J. Smayda 2000. Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae): On prediction of the week of bloom initiation and maximum during the initial pulse of its bimodal bloom cycle in Narragansett Bay. Plankton Biology and Ecology 47: 80-84.


Watermass Stratification and Harmful Algal Blooms: An AlternativeView. 9th International Conference on Harmful Algal Blooms, Hobart,Tasmania, February, 2000.

Ecology of Harmful Red Tides in Coastal Upwelling Systems. Invited Presentation: South African Conference on Upwelling Dynamics, Swakopmund, Namibia, November, 1998.

Dinoflagellate Blooms: Some Patterns, Regulations, Consequences. Invited Presentation: 6th International Conference on Modern and Fossil Dinoflagellates, Trondheim, Norway, June, 1998.

Understanding Algal Blooms and Primary Productivity in the Sea: Why We Have to Work at the Species Level. Invited Presentation: 50th Anniversary Symposium of the Founding of the Institute for Marine Biology, Univ. of Oslo, Norway, September, 1997.

On Some Varieties of Variability Characterizing Marine Phytoplankton, with Examples from Narragansett Bay. ICES International Symposium on the Temporal Variability of Plankton and their Physico-Chemical Environment, Kiel, Germany, March, 1997.


Member for
7 years 2 weeks