In 79 AD Herculaneum was a small city situated on the coast overlooking the Bay of Naples. The population has been estimated to be about 5000 people. Unlike Pompeii which was a busy commercial center, Herculaneum was a quieter seaside resort.

The eruption buried the city with about 20 meters of thick pumice and ash. It was rediscovered in the 1700's when tunneling uncovered artifacts and buildings. Excavation of the city has been impeded because of the presence of the modern city of Ercolano, built directly on top of the ruins.

The excavations of Herculaneum uncovered few human remains until the 1980's when hundreds of skeletons were found in boat chambers along the beachfront. People had apparently gathered in this area in the hopes of escaping from the terrifying effects of the eruption.
In your visit to Herculaneum you will be able to explore sites where the volcanic deposits are exposed and other locations of cultural interest.